Etri Kocaqi Fraud Study

A 4th-year student completing a Specialist in Genetics. She is interested in developing long-term cognitive and social programs for older adults.

Kanza Naveed Nuralogix

Second-year student at the University of Toronto completing a specialist in neuroscience. She is interested in the field of behavioural neuroscience and how learning and memory can be influenced by early life adversities.

Laura Colucci Game Study

Laura is presently completing her BSc in Psychology at U of T. She is most interested in the cognitive mechanisms at work in childhood psychopathology.

Adjunct & Visiting Professorships
Chief Science Officer, NuraLogix Corp.

Researcher (Full Professor)
Department of Psychology & Center for Human Development
University of California, San Diego

Adjunct Professor
Department of Psychology
Zhejiang Sci-Tech University

Adjunct Professor
School of Education
Zhejiang Normal University

Memberships & Affiliations
Editorial board member, Psychological Science
Editorial board member, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Editorial board member, Developmental Science
Elected Fellow, Association for Psychological Science
Member, Society for Research in Child Development
Member, International Society for Infant Study
Member, Vision Science Society

Dylan Williams

Ziyin Huang Game Study

Double-majoring in Psychology and Cognitive Science, and she is in Sarah's GAME team. She loves what she has been learning, and hopes to learn more in future.

Tanjeem Taha Infant fNIRS

Second-year student at the University of Toronto completing a specialist in neuroscience. She is interested in the field of behavioural neuroscience and how learning and memory can be influenced by early life adversities.

Jeremy Forsythe Nuralogix



Shadini Dematagoda Fraud Study

Fourth-year undergraduate majoring in Neuroscience and Health studies. She is interested in pursuing clinical neuropsychology, particularly studying how cognitive functions are impaired in developmental neuropsychiatric disorders.

Ziting (Judy) Xia Nuralogix

Si Jia Wu, PhD Candidate (Developmental Psychology and Education)

Si Jia received her BA in philosophy with a minor in psychology from University of Toronto and her MA in developmental psychology from Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. During her undergraduate studies, she was also a Research Assistant and Lab Manager at Dr. Kang Lee's Development Lab, working on moral reasoning and lie detection research. For her MA thesis, she examined the use of a novel methodology called Transdermal Optical Imaging for assessment of Stress based on Heart Rate Variability. Currently, she is investigating: 1) What are the healthy ranges of psychophysiological stress at different stages of development? 2) How does stress develop into anxiety disorders? To answer these questions, Si Jia is using multiple methods of stress assessment to observe the changes in stress within different populations and under various stressful conditions. 

Featured Publication:

Wei, J., Luo, H., Wu, S. J., Zheng, P. P., Fu, G., and Lee, K. (2018). Transdermal optical imaging reveal basal stress via heart rate variability analysis: A novel methodology comparable to electrocardiography. Frontiers in Psychology, 9 : 98. 

doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00098

Volodymyr Turchenko, PhD (Computer Engineering)

Volodymyr received his honours MSc in systems engineering from Brest Polytechnic Institute (Belarus) and his Ph.D. in computer engineering from Lviv Polytechnic National University (Ukraine). Currently, Volodymyr is working at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education at the University of Toronto (OISE/UT) processing and interpreting Transdermal Optical Imaging data using deep machine learning technologies. Before joining OISE/UT, he worked as a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Lethbridge (Canada), as a Fulbright scholar at the University of Tennessee (USA) and as an FP7 Marie Curie postdoctoral fellow at the University of Calabria (Italy).
Featured Publication:
Turchenko, V. (2014). Parallel Batch Pattern Training Algorithm for Multi-Layer Perceptron with Two Hidden Layers on Many-Core System, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. 290, 537-544. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-07593-8_62

Dr. Eric Jackman Institute of Child Study & Applied Psychology & Human Development Department, OISE, University of Toronto

Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego

Department of Psychology, Queen's University

​Department of Psychology, Hangzhou University

Kristie Wang Racial Bias Study

Fourth-year undergraduate student in genetics and psychology. I've worked Kitty for 2 years on the bias project where I enjoyed working with children. This has inspired me to pursue a career teaching science and psychology to children.


Sterlin Vaillancourt Infant fNIRS

4th-year undergrad student in Neuroscience, Psychology and French. She is interested in neuropsychology, mental health and well-being.

Ubtan Addou Racial Bias Study

Currently in second year, majoring in Human Biology and Near and Middle Eastern Civilization.


Rachel Santos, PhD Candidate (School and Clinical Child Psychology)


Rachel completed her BA (honours) at Carleton University, specializing in psychology. Her undergraduate thesis focused on the examination of eyewitness testimony with children ages 3-6. Rachel's current research examines the moral reasoning of children from both a typical and clinical sample (e.g. children with conduct disorder).

Featured Publication:

Santos, R., Zanette, S., Kwok, S.M., Heyman,G.D., & Lee, K. (2017) Exposure to parenting by lying in childhood: Associations with negative outcomes in adulthood. Front. Psychol. 8:1240. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01240

Helen Han Nuralogix

Helen is a 4th year Neuroscience & Physiology student at the University of Toronto.

Carmina Santos

Nicole Zhang Racial Bias Study

A senior undergraduate at UofT studying Psychology and Sociology. Besides working on the Racial Bias project, I am also engaged in a collaborative research project on domestic violence.

Wendy Huang 

Keerthiha Ravichandran Game Study, Adult fNIRS

Recent graduate from UTSC specializing in Psychology. She is interested in various areas of psychology including developmental and clinical psychology. She hopes to pursue higher education in psychology in the future.

Lames Danok Infant fNIRS

Third-year undergraduate student at the University of Toronto studying Psychology. Research interests include developmental psychology and neuropsychology. 

Nazia Nusrat Nuralogix, Emotion Detection

In third-year of a Bachelors of Science Co-op degree specializing in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology. Research interests include technology development for evaluation of clinical measures/diagnosis.

B.Sc., Hangzhou University, Zhejiang, P. R. China
M.A., Hangzhou University, Zhejiang, P. R. China
Ph.D. University of New Brunswick, New Brunswick, Canada

Darshan Singh Panesar Masters Candidate (Developmental Psychology and Education)


Darshan recieved his H.B.Sc degree from the University of Toronto with a double major in human and animal biology, and cognitive psychology. His research interests are centered around infant and early-childhood neuro-cognitive development examining higher-order cognition, language development and face perception. Darshan is currently conducting research centered around the McGurk Effect and Visual-Speech perception with infants 6-12 months using Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (FNIRS) neuroimaging and eyetracking. In addition to his research interests, Darshan is also involved with Dr. Lee's Transdermal Optical Imaging, Emotion and Lie Detection studies.

​​​​Sarah Zanette, PhD Candidate (Developmental Psychology and Education)


Sarah recevied her BA (honours) in psychology from Brock University and her MA from OISE/UT. She is currently conducting research in two key areas; (1) How can children's lies be detected? and (2) How do children with severe conduct problems lie? Sarah is collaborating with researchers at the Child Development Institute to answer these questions.

Featured Publication:

Zanette, S., Gao, X., Brunet, M., Lee, K. (2016). Automated decoding of facial expressions reveals marked differences in children when telling antisocial versus prosocial lies, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 150, 165-179. doi: 10.1016/jecp.2016.05.007

Curriculum Vitae- Dr. Kang Lee

Ruben Jonathan

Kitty Miao Qian, PhD Candidate (Developmental Psychology and Education)

Post-Doctoral Fellow at Harvard University (Inequality in America Initiative). 



Kitty is interested in the development of racial bias. Specifically, she investigates two topics: (1) what is the development of racial bias, and (2) How to reduce peoples’ racial bias. To answer these questions, Kitty developed an innovative, child-friendly Implicit Racial Bias Test to assess the early development of children's implicit racial bias. Kitty is also working on intervention programs to reduce children’s racial bias and increase racial harmony. 

Featured Publication:

Qian, M., Heyman, G., Quinn, P., Messi, F., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2016). Implicit racial biases in preschool children and adults from Asia and Africa. Child Development, 87(1), 285-296.

Rebecca Judges, PhD Candidate (Developmental Psychology and Education)

Rebecca completed her BA in psychology at Brock University and her MA at the University of Toronto in applied psychology. Rebecca is interested in how social-cognitive changes across the lifespan impact people’s ability to detect fraudulent activity and make safe decisions online. 

Featured Publication:

Judges, R. A., Gallant, S. N., Yang, L. & Lee, K. (2017). The role of cognition, personality, and trust in fraud victimization in older adults. Front. Psychol. 8:588. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00588

Sharon Nirmalakumar Nuralogix
A 4th-year student at UofT, specializing in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology. She is currently applying her field of study to pioneer biological applications of Dr. Lee’s TOI technology.

Kanza Batool, H.B.Sc

Kanza received her H.B.Sc degree from University of Toronto, specializing in mental health studies. She was previously a part of Dr. Lee's Transdermal Optical Imaging study to develop a new imaging technology that uses a conventional video camera to reveal the vital signs (i.e. heart rate, blood pressure, respiration rate, etc.) of a person using facial blood flow. Kanza hopes to pursue a career in clinical psychology.

Meixi Chen Nuralogix

Meixi is a fourth year student majoring in statistics and mathematics. Her interest is in cross-disciplinary research between statistics and other fields.

Tier 1 Canada Research Chair
Dr. Eric Jackman Institute of Child Study
Applied Psychology and Human Development
OISE/University of Toronto



Precious Ofoezie Racial Bias Study

My majors are Psychology and Human Biology: Health and disease and my minor is immunology. In general, I enjoy studying the reasons underlying human functioning.

Indraneel Sarkar Infant fNIRS

Roxana Marmolejo Nuralogix

Majored in Cell and Molecular Biology

Dr. Kang Lee

Xiaopan Ding - Professor, National University of Singapore

Naiqi (Gabriel) Xiao - Postdoctoral fellow, Princeton University​

Kaila Bruer - Postdoctoral fellow

Tanya Danyliuk - Graduate student

Daryna Skybina Game Study, Adult fNIRs

Third-year student specialising in Psychology. She is highly interested in studying emotions and may pursue this line of research in graduate school.


Debol Pu Nuralogix

Third-year student specialising in Psychology. She is highly interested in studying emotions and may pursue this line of research in graduate school.


Sindy Anton Nuralogix

Professional Experience

Dr. Kang Lee's Development Lab