Dr. Kang Lee's Development Lab

Esther Arquillano, H.BSc

​E-mail: labmanager@kangleelab.com

Esther received her H.BSc degree from the University of Toronto, specializing in psychology and majoring in neuroscience. Her previous projects with Dr. Lee and Kitty Miao Qian include examining children's social attitudes and behaviours. While managing the lab, she also assists with a training program that aims to reduce children's implicit racial biases through face recognition. In the future, Esther hopes to work with children in a school setting and study the impact of different teaching methods.

Dr. Kang Lee

Xiaopan Ding - Professor, National University of Singapore

Naiqi (Gabriel) Xiao - Postdoctoral fellow, Princeton University

Cindy Tsai

Zeel Shah

Shruti Kumar

Vivian Liu

Amanda Gamache

Daryna Skybina

Kira Laurin

Laura Colucci

Keerthiha Ravichandran

Hritu Sarker

Smriti Sasikumar

Aleksandra McGale

Tabitha Oni

Dylan Williams

Kristie Wang

Benjamin Tatur

Brandon Ramdeo

Zabrina Krishnan
Helen Han

Taha Tanjeem

Debol Pu

Junia Isaac

Maisha Islam

Adjunct & Visiting Professorships
Chief Science Officer, NuraLogix Corp.

Researcher (Full Professor)
Department of Psychology & Center for Human Development
University of California, San Diego

Adjunct Professor
Department of Psychology
Zhejiang Sci-Tech University

Adjunct Professor
School of Education
Zhejiang Normal University

Memberships & Affiliations
Editorial board member, Psychological Science
Editorial board member, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Editorial board member, Developmental Science
Elected Fellow, Association for Psychological Science
Member, Society for Research in Child Development
Member, International Society for Infant Study
Member, Vision Science Society

B.Sc., Hangzhou University, Zhejiang, P. R. China
M.A., Hangzhou University, Zhejiang, P. R. China
Ph.D. University of New Brunswick, New Brunswick, Canada

Tanya Danyliuk, PhD Candidate

​E-mail: tanya.danyliuk@mail.utoronto.ca

Tanya received her BA degree from the University of Western Ontario, majoring in Psychology.  She is currently in year two of her PhD under the supervision of Dr. Grusec and working with Dr. Lee and his lab for her outside project. Her research interests include prosocial behaviours in children, moral and value development, and the role that parenting plays in child outcomes. She is also interested in exploring parenting interventions, and is the coordinator of a parenting program that her lab is currently establishing using Dr. Grusec’s research on parenting domains. 


Tier 1 Canada Research Chair
Dr. Eric Jackman Institute of Child Study
Applied Psychology and Human Development
OISE/University of Toronto

email: kang.lee@utoronto.ca

​Lynn Yan, PhD

E-mail: lynn.yan@utoronto.ca

Lynn received her B.Sc in Biological Science, M.Sc in Cell Biology, and her PhD in Psychology from Zhejiang University. She has been working in Zhejiang Sci-tech University since 2006. She is interested in the development of own-group bias and investigates that how social categorization affects face processing in adults from China and Canada.

Featured Publication:

Yan, L., Wang, Z., Zhang, Z., Song, S., & Sun, Y. (2016). Face holistic processing is modulated by perceptual experience, Acta Psychologica Sinica, 48, 1199-1209. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.01199


Rachel Santos, PhD Candidate (School and Clinical Child Psychology)

E-mail: rachel.santos@mail.utoronto.ca

Rachel completed her BA (honours) at Carleton University, specializing in psychology. Her undergraduate thesis focused on the examination of eyewitness testimony with children ages 3-6. Rachel's current research examines the moral reasoning of children from both a typical and clinical sample (e.g. children with conduct disorder).

Kaila Bruer, PhD (Experimental and Applied Psychology)
E-mail: kaila.bruer@utoronto.ca

After completing her bachelor’s degree in criminology, she further refined her research path by completing a master’s degree in forensic psychology from Carleton University. She received her Ph.D. in Experimental and Applied Psychology from the University of Regina. Her research focuses on children’s participation in the justice system and the factors affecting child witness testimony. Currently, Kaila is working at OISE/UT to learn more about how verbal and non-verbal behaviour can distinguish truthful versus untruthful information provide by maltreated and non-maltreated children.
Featured Publication:
Bruer, K. C., Price, H. L., & Phenix, T. L. (2016). The “magical” effect of integration on autobiographical memory. Applied Cognitive Psychology. Advanced online publication. doi: 10.1002/acp.3232


​​​​Sarah Zanette, PhD Candidate (Developmental Psychology and Education)

E-mail: s.zanette@mail.utoronto.ca

Sarah recevied her BA (honours) in psychology from Brock University and her MA from OISE/UT. She is currently conducting research in two key areas; (1) How can children's lies be detected? and (2) How do children with severe conduct problems lie? Sarah is collaborating with researchers at the Child Development Institute to answer these questions.

Featured Publication:

Zanette, S., Gao, X., Brunet, M., Lee, K. (2016). Automated decoding of facial expressions reveals marked differences in children when telling antisocial versus prosocial lies, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 150, 165-179. doi: 10.1016/jecp.2016.05.007

Kitty Miao Qian, PhD Candidate (Developmental Psychology and Education)

Email: miao.qian@mail.utoronto.ca

Kitty is interested in the development of racial bias. Specifically, she investigates two topics: (1) what is the development of racial bias, and (2) How to reduce peoples’ racial bias. To answer these questions, Kitty is using Implicit Racial Bias Test to study the early development of racial bias. Also, she is working on a training program to reduce children’s racial bias.

Featured Publication:

Qian, M., Heyman, G., Quinn, P., Messi, F., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2016). Implicit racial biases in preschool children and adults from Asia and Africa. Child Development, 87(1), 285-296.

Rebecca Judges, PhD Candidate (Developmental Psychology and Education)
E-mail: rebecca.judges@mail.utoronto.ca

Rebecca completed her BA at Brock University in psychology and her MA at the University of Toronto in developmental psychology. Rebecca is interested in how social-cognitive changes across the lifespan impact people’s ability to detect fraudulent activity. Her MA thesis examined factors which contribute to older adults' vulnerability & resistance to fraud.

Featured Publication:

Judges, R. A., Gallant, S. N., Yang, L. & Lee, K. (2017). The role of cognition, personality, and trust in fraud victimization in older adults. Front. Psychol. 8:588. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00588

Professional Experience



Tamara Chau

Soni Prasad

Darshan Panesar

Etri Kocaqi

Bushra Ahmed

Huan Chen

Sharon Nirmalakumar

Nasa (Chinasa) Ekeanyanwu

Bentley (Tsz) Lo

Huan Chen

​Michelle Kivlenieks

Yasha Farhan

Indraneel Sarkar

Sterlin Vaillancourt

Preet Gujral

Mary Lee

Lucy Zhang

Nicole Zhang

Mauriene Tolentino

Melissa Cecere

Sanjay Jeyakumaran

Ava Ghods

Nazia Nusrat


Volodymyr Turchenko, PhD (Computer Engineering)
E-mail: VladTurchenko@nuralogix.com

Volodymyr received his honours MSc in systems engineering from Brest Polytechnic Institute (Belarus) and his Ph.D. in computer engineering from Lviv Polytechnic National University (Ukraine). Currently, Volodymyr is working at NuraLogix Corp. and OISE/UT processing and interpreting Transdermal Optical Imaging data using deep machine learning technologies. Before joining Nuralogix Corp. and OISE/UT, he worked as an FP7 Marie Curie postdoctoral fellow at the University of Calabria (Italy), as a Fulbright scholar at the University of Tennessee (USA) and as a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Lethbridge (Canada).
Featured Publication:
Turchenko, V. (2014). Parallel Batch Pattern Training Algorithm for Multi-Layer Perceptron with Two Hidden Layers on Many-Core System, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. 290, 537-544. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-07593-8_62

Adam Donato, MA Candidate (Developmental Psychology and Education)

E-mail: adam.donato@mail.utoronto.ca

For the past four years Adam has conducted program evaluation and treatment impact research on latency-aged children with conduct problems as a member of the Stop Now And Plan (SNAP) research team. Adam completed his BSc (honours) at Saint Mary’s University specializing in psychology (cognitive neuroscience). Adam will be continuing his neuroimaging work at the Kang Lee Lab using fNIRS to better understand the cognitive processes underlying conduct problems and the impact on treatment.

Dr. Eric Jackman Institute of Child Study & Applied Psychology & Human Development Department, OISE, University of Toronto

Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego

Department of Psychology, Queen's University

​Department of Psychology, Hangzhou University