Dr. Kang Lee's Development Lab


DECEPTION PUBLICATIONS


Zhao, L., Heyman, G. D., Chen, L., & Lee, K. (2017). Praising young children for being smart promotes cheating. Psychological Science. doi: 10.1177/0956797617721529 [link to pdf]


Zhao L., Heyman G.D., Chen L., & Lee, K. (2017). Telling young children they have a reputation for being smart promotes cheating. Developmental Science. doi: 10.1111/desc.12585 [link to pdf]


Judges, R. A., Gallant, S. N., Yang, L. & Lee, K. (2017). The role of cognition, personality, and trust in fraud victimization in older adults. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 588. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00588 [link to pdf]


Cowell, J. M., Lee, K., Malcolm-Smith, S., Selcuk, B., Zhou, X., & Decety, J. (2016). The development of generosity and moral cognition across five cultures. Developmental Science. doi: 10.1111/desc.12403 [link to pdf]


Fu, G., Heyman, G. D., Qian, M., Guo, T., & Lee, K. (2016). Young children with a positive reputation to maintain are less likely to cheat. Developmental Science, 19(2), 275-283. doi: 10.1111/desc.12304
[link to pdf]


Fu, G., Heyman, G.D., & Lee, K. (2016). Learning to be unsung heroes: Development of reputation management in two cultures. Child Development, 87(3), 689-699. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12494​
[link to pdf]


Fu, G., Luo, Y.C., Heyman, G.D., Wang, B., Cameron, C.A., & Lee, K. (2016). Moral evaluations of lying for one’s own group. Infant and Child Development, 25, 355-370. doi: 10.1002/icd.1941
[link to pdf]


​Zanette, S., Gao, X., Brunet, M., Barlett, M. S., & Lee, K. (2016). Automated decoding of facial expressions reveals marked differences in children when telling antisocial versus prosocial lies. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 150, 165-179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2016.05.007 [link to pdf]


Decety, J., Cowell, J. M., Lee, K., Mahasneh, R., Malcolm-Smith, S., Selcuk, B., & Zhou, X. (2015). The negative association between religiousness and children's altruism across the world. Current Biology, 25, 2951-2955. [link to pdf]


Ding, X. P., Wellman, H. M., Wang, Y., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2015). Theory of mind training causes honest young children to lie. Psychological Science, 26(11), 1812-1821. doi: 10.1177/0956797615604628 [link to pdf]

Fu, G., Heyman, G. D., Chen, G., Liu, P., & Lee, K. (2015). Children trust people who lie to benefit others. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 129, 127-139. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2014.09.006 [link to pdf]


Fu, G., Heyman, G.D., Qian, M., Guo, T., & Lee, K. (2015). Young children with a positive reputation to maintain are less likely to cheat. Developmental Science. doi: 10.1111/desc.12304
[link to pdf]

Heyman, G.D., Fu, G., Lin, J., Qian, M.K., & Lee, K. (2015). Eliciting promises from children reduces cheating. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 139, 242-248. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2015.04.013
[link to pdf]

Noel, M., Boerner, K. E., Birnie, K. A., Caes, L., Parker, J. A., Chambers, C. T., Fernandez, C. V., & Lee, K. (2015). The acceptability by parents and children of deception in pediatric research. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 36, 75–85.
[link to pdf]

Qian, M. K., Heyman, G. D., Quinn, P. C., Messi, F. A., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2015). Implicit racial biases in preschool children and adults from Asia and Africa. Child Development, 1-12. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12442
[link to pdf]

Bartlett, M.S., Littlewort, G.C., Frank, M.G., & Lee, K. (2014). Automatic decoding of facial movements reveals deceptive pain expressions. Current Biology. doi:pii: S0960-9822(14)00147-X. 10.1016/j.cub.2014.02.009.
[link to pdf]

Chiu Loke, I., Heyman, G. D., Itakura, S., Toriyama, R., & Lee, K. (2014). Japanese and American children's moral evaluations of reporting on transgressions. Developmental Psychology, 50(5), 1520-1531. 
[link to pdf]

Ding, X. P., Omrin, D. S., Evans, A.D., Fu, G., Chen, G., & Lee, K. (2014). Elementary school children's cheating behavior and its cognitive correlates. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 121, 85-95. 
[link to pdf]


Ding, X.P., Sai, L., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2014). Neural correlates of second-order verbal deception: A functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) study. Neuroimage, 15, 505-514. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.10.023. [link to pdf]

Dmytro, D., Lo, J., O’Leary, J., Fu, G., Lee, K., & Cameron, C.A. (2014). Development of cultural perspectives on verbal deception in competitive contexts. Journal of Cross-cultural psychology. DOI: 10.1177/0022022114535485
[link to pdf]

Evans, A. D., & Lee, K. (2014). The relation between 8- to 17-year-olds’ judgments of other’s honesty and their own past honest behaviors. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 38(3), 277-281.
[link to pdf]

Evans, A. D., Stolzenberg, S. N., Lee, K., & Lyon, T. D. (2014). Young children’s difficulty with indirect speech acts: Implications for questioning child witnesses. Behavioural Sciences and the Law. doi: 10.1002/bsl
[link to pdf]

Fu, G., Xiao, W. S., Killen, M., & Lee, K. (2014). Moral judgment and its relation to second-order theory of mind. Developmental Psychology, 50, 2085-2092.
[link to pdf]

Gordon, H. M., Lyon, T. D., & Lee, K. (2014). Social and cognitive factors associated with children’s secret-keeping for a parent. Child Development, 85(6), 2374-2388.
[link to pdf]

Lee, K., Talwar, V., McCarthy, A., Ross, I., Evans, A., & Arruda, C. (2014). Can classic moral stories promote honesty in children? Psychological Science, 1-7. [
link to pdf]

Williams, S. M., Talwar, V., Lindsay, R. C. L., Bala, N., & Lee, K. (2014). Is the truth in your words? Distinguishing children’s deceptive and truthful statements. Journal of Criminology,1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/547519. [
link to pdf]

Yi, L., Fan, Y., Li, J., Huang, D., Wang, X., Tan, W., Zou, X., & Lee, K. (2014). Distrust and retaliatory deception in children with autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8, 1741–1755
[link to pdf]

Zhang, Z., Heyman, G. D., Fu, G., Zhang, D., Yang, Y., & Lee, K. (2014). Children’s belief about self-disclosure to friends regarding academic achievement. Social Development, 1-14. [
link to pdf]

Brunet, M. K., Evans, A. D., Talwar, V., Bala, N., Lindsay, R. C. L., & Lee, K. (2013). How children report true and fabricated stressful and non-stressful events. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. Online Publication. doi: 10.1080/13218719.2012.750896 [
link to pdf]

Ding, X. P., Sai, L., Fu, G., Liu, J., & Lee, K. (2013). Neural correlates of second-order verbal deception: A functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) study. NeuroImage, 87, 505-514. [
link to pdf]

Ding, X., Gao, X., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2013). Neural correlates of spontaneous deception: A functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) study. Neuropsychologia, 51(4), 704-712. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.12.018 [
link to pdf]

Evans, A.D., & Lee, K. (2013). Emergence of lying in very young children. Developmental Psychology, 49(10), 1958-1963. [
link to pdf]

Lau, Y. L., Cameron, C. A., Chieh, K. M., O’Leary, J., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2013). Cultural differences in moral justifications enhance understanding of Chinese and Canadian children’s moral decisions. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44, 461-477. doi: 10.1177/0022022112453315 
[link to pdf]

Lee, K. (2013). Little liars: Development of verbal deception in children. Child Development Perspectives, 7(2), 91-96. doi: 10.111/cdep.12023. [
link to pdf]

Li, Q., Heyman, G. D., Xu, F., & Lee, K. (2013). Young children’s use of honesty as a basis for selective trust. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 117, 59-72. [
link to pdf]

Li, Y., Li, H., Decety, J., & Lee, K. (2013). Experiencing a natural disaster alters children's altruistic giving. Psychological Science. Online Publication. doi: 10.1177/0956797613479975 [
link to pdf]

Saykaly, C., Talwar, V., Lindsay, R. C. L, Bala, N., & Lee, K. (2013). The influence of multiple interviews on the verbal markers of children's deception. Law and Human Behavior, 37, 187-96. doi: 10.1037/lhb0000023
[link to pdf]

Xu, F., Evans, A. D., Li, C., Li, Q., Heyman, G., & Lee, K. (2013). The role of honesty and benevolence in children's judgements of trustworthiness. International Journal of Behavioural Development, 37(3), 257-265. doi: 10.1177/0165025413479861 [
link to pdf]

Yi, L., Pan, J., Fan, Y., Zou, X., Wang, X., & Lee, K. (2013). Children with autism spectrum disorder are more trusting than typically developing children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. Online Publication. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2013.05.005 [
link to pdf]

Cameron, C. A., Lau, C., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2012). Development of children’s moral evaluations of modesty and self-promotion in diverse cultural settings. Journal of Moral Education. 41(1), 61–78. doi: 10.1080/03057240.2011.617414 [
link to pdf]


Fritzley, H. V., Lindsay, R., & Lee, K. (2012). Young children’s response tendencies toward yes-no questions concerning actions. Child Development, 84(2), 711-725. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12006. [link to pdf]

Fu, F., Evans, A., Xu, F., & Lee, K. (2012). Young children can tell strategic lies after committing a transgression. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 113(1), 147-158. doi: 10.1016/j.jeco.2012.04.003 
[link to pdf]


Heyman, G. D., Fu. G., & Lee, K. (2012). Selective skepticism: American and Chinese children's reasoning about evaluative academic feedback. Developmental Psychology, 49(3), 543-555. doi: 10.1037/a0031282 [link to pdf]

Heyman, G. D., Hsu, A., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2012). Instrumental lying by parents in the U.S. and China. International Journal of Psychology, 1-9. Online Publication. doi: 10.1080/00207594.2012.746463 [
link to pdf]

Kanakogi, Y., Moriguchi, Y., Fu, G., Lee, K., & Itakura, S. (2012). How does executive function contribute to source monitoring in young children? Psychologia, 55, 194-207. [
link to pdf

Lau, Y. L., Cameron, C. A., Chieh, K. M., O’Leary, J., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2012). Cultural differences in moral justifications enhance understanding of Chinese and Canadian children’s moral decisions. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. Online publication. doi: 10.1177/0022022112453315 [
link to pdf]


Moriguchi, Y., Evans, A., Hiraki, K., Itakura, S., & Lee, K. (2012). Cultural differences in the development of cognitive shifting: East-West comparison. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 111, 156-163. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2011.09.001 [link to pdf]

Saykaly, C., Talwar, V., Lindsay, R. C. L., Bala, N.C., Lee, K., Bertrand, M. & Nugent, S.M. (2012). Adults' ability to detect deception of stressful and non-stressful stories of children. Psychology, Crime & Law. doi: 10.1080/1068316X.2012.700311. [
link to pdf]

Chiu Loke, I., Evans, A. D., & Lee, K. (2011). The neural correlates of reasoning about prosocial-helping decisions: An event-related brain potentials study. Brain Research, 1369, 140-148. [
link to pdf]


Chiu Loke, I., Heyman, G.D., Forgie, J., McCarthy, A., & Lee, K. (2011). Children’s moral evaluations of reporting the transgressions of peers: Age differences in evaluations of tattling. Developmental Psychology, 47, 1757-1762. doi: 10.1037/a0025357 [link to pdf]


Evans, A. D., Brunet, M. K., Talwar, V., Bala, N., Lindsay, R. C. L., & Lee, K. (2011). The effects of repetition on children’s true and false reports. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. doi: 10.1080/13218719.2011.615808 [link to pdf]


Evans, A.D., & Lee, K. (2011). Verbal deception from late childhood to middle adolescence and its relation to executive functioning skills. Developmental Psychology, 47, 1108-1116. doi: 10.1037/a0023425  [link to pdf]


Evans, A. D., Xu, F., & Lee, K. (2011). When all signs point to you: Lies told in the face of evidence. Developmental Psychology, 47, 39-49. doi: 10.1037/a0020787 [link to pdf]

Fu, G., Heyman, G. D., & Lee, K. (2011). Reasoning about modesty among adolescents and adults in China and the U.S.  Journal of Adolescence, 34, 599–608. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2010.10.003 [link to pdf]


​Heyman, G. D., Itakura, S., & Lee, K. (2011). Japanese and American children's reasoning about accepting credit for prosocial behavior. Social Development, 20, 171-184. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2010.00578.x [
link to pdf]

Li, A. S., Kelley, E. A., Evans, A. D.,  & Lee, K. (2011). Exploring the ability to deceive in children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 185-195. doi: 10.1007/s10803-010-1045-4 [
link to pdf]

Ma, F., Xu, F., Heyman, G. D., & Lee, K. (2011). Chinese children’s evaluations of white lies: Weighing the consequences for recipients. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 108, 308-321. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2010.08.015 [
link to pdf]


Talwar, V., Carlson, S., & Lee, K. (2011). Effects of a punitive environment on children's executive functioning: A natural experiment. Social Development, 20, 805-824. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2011.00617 [link to pdf]


Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2011). A punitive environment fosters children's dishonesty: A natural experiment. Child Development, 82, 1751-1758. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01663.x  [link to pdf]

Zhan, J-Y., Wilding, J., Cornish, K., Shao, J., Xie, C-H., Wang, Y-X., Lee, K., Karmiloff-Smith, A., & Zhao Z-Y. (2011). Charting the developmental trajectories of attention and executive function in Chinese school-aged children. Child Neuropsychology, 17, 82-95. doi: 10.1080/09297049.2010.525500 [
link to pdf]

Bala, N., Lee, K., Lindsay, R. C. L., & Talwar, V. (2010). Hearing the voices of children in Canada’s criminal justice system: Recognizing capacity and facilitating testimony. Canadian Bar Review, 22(1), 21-45. [
link to pdf]


Bala, N., Lee, K., Lindsay, R. C. L., & Talwar, V. (2010). The competency of children to testify: Psychological research informing Canadian law reform. International Journal of Children’s Rights, 18, 53–77. doi.org/10.1163/157181809X458544 [link to pdf]​


Evans, A. D., & Lee, K. (2010). Promising to tell the truth makes 8- to 16-year-olds more honest. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 28, 801-811. doi: 10.1002/bsl.960 [link to pdf]

Fu, G., Brunet, M. K., Lv, Y., Ding, X., Heyman, G. D., Cameron, C. A., & Lee, K. (2010). Chinese Children’s moral evaluation of lies and truths- roles of context and parental individualism-collectivism tendencies. Infant and Child Development, 19, 498-515. doi: 10.1002/icd.680
[link to pdf]


Sweet, M.A., Heyman, G. D., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2010). Are there limits to collectivism? Culture and children's reasoning about lying to conceal a group transgression. Infant and Child Development, 19, 422-442. doi: 10.1002/icd.669 [link to pdf]

Xu, F., Bao, X., Fu, G., Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2010). Lying and truth-telling in children: From concept to action. Child Development, 81, 581–596. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01417.x [
link to pdf]


Boseovski, J. J., Shallwani, S., & Lee, K. (2009). ‘It’s all good’: Children’s personality attributions after repeated success and failure in peer and computer interactions. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 27, 783–797. doi: 10.1348/026151008X377839 [link to pdf]


Eskritt, M., & Lee, K. (2009). Children’s informational reliance during inconsistent communication: The public–private distinction. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 104, 214–228. [link to pdf]


Evans, A. D., Lee, K., & Lyon, T. D. (2009).  Complex questions asked by defense lawyers but not prosecutors predicts convictions in child abuse trials. Law and Human Behavior, 33, 258-264. doi: 10.1007/s10979-008-9148-6 [link to pdf]

Harada, T., Itakura, S., Xu, F., Lee, K., Nakashita, S., Saito, D. N., & Sadato, N. (2009). Neural correlates of the judgment of lying: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Neuroscience Research, 63(1), 24-34. 
[link to pdf]

Heyman, G.D., Sweet, M.A., & Lee, K. (2009). Children’s reasoning about lie-telling and truth-telling in politeness contexts. Social Development, 18, 728-746. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2008.00495.x [
link to pdf]

Heyman, G.D., Luua, D.H., & Lee, K. (2009). Parenting by lying. Journal of Moral Education, 38, 353–369. doi: 10.1080/03057240903101630 [
link to pdf]

Heyman, G. D., Fu, G., Sweet, M. A., Lee, K. (2009). Children’s reasoning about evaluative feedback. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 27, 875-890. doi: 10.1348/026151008X390870 [link to pdf]


Leach, A-M., Lindsay, R.C.L., Koehler, R., Beaudry, J.L., Bala, N.C., Lee, K., & Talwar, V. (2009). The reliability of lie detection performance. Law and Human Behavior, 33, 96-109. doi: 10.1007/s10979-008-9137-9 [link to pdf]


Littlewort, G., Bartlett, M., & Lee, K. (2009). Automatic coding of Facial Expressions displayed during Posed and Genuine Pain.  Image and Vision Computing, 27(12) p. 1741-1844. [link to pdf]


​McCarthy, A., & Lee, K. (2009). Children’s knowledge of deceptive gaze cues and its relation to their actual lying behavior. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 103(2), 117-134. [
link to pdf]


Xu, F., Luo, Y. C., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2009). Children’s and adults’ conceptualization and evaluation of lying and truth-telling. Infant & Child Development, 18, 307-322. doi: 10.1002/icd.631 [
link to pdf]


Boseovski, J.J., & Lee, K. (2008). Seeing the world through rose-colored glasses? Neglect of consensus information in young children’s personality judgments. Social Development, 17, 399-416. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2007.00431.x [link to pdf]


Eskritt, M., Whalen, J., & Lee, K. (2008). Preschoolers can recognize violations of the Gricean Maxims. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 26, 435-443. doi: 10.1348/026151007X253260 [link to pdf]

Fu, G., Evans, A.D., Wang, L., & Lee, K. (2008). Lying in the name of the collective good: A developmental study. Developmental Science, 11, 495-503. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2008.00695.x [
link to pdf]

Heyman, G.D., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2008). Reasoning about the disclosure of success and failure to friends among children in the United States and China. Developmental Psychology, 44, 908-918. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.44.4.908 [
link to pdf]


Moriguchi, Y., Lee, K., & Itakura, S. (2007). Social transmission of disinhibition in young children. Developmental Science, 10, 481-491. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2007.00601.x [link to pdf]

Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2008). Social and cognitive correlates of children’s lying behavior. Child Development, 79, 866–881. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01164.x [
link to pdf]


Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2007). Social grooming in kindergarten: The emergence of flattery behavior. Developmental Science, 10, 255-265. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2007.00583.x [link to pdf]

Fu, G., Xu, F., Cameron, C.A., & Lee, K. (2007). Cross-cultural differences in children's choices, categorizations and evaluations of truths and lies. Developmental Psychology, 43, 278-293. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.43.2.278 [
link to pdf]


Heyman, G.D., Fu, G., & Lee, K. (2007). Evaluating claims people make about themselves: The development of skepticism. Child Development, 78, 367-375. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01003.x 
[link to pdf]


Talwar, V., Gordon, H. M., & Lee, K. (2007). Lying in elementary school years: Verbal deception and its relation to second-order belief understanding. Developmental Psychology, 43, 804-810. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.43.3.804 [link to pdf]

Talwar, V., Murphy, S.M., & Lee, K. (2007). White lie-telling in children for politeness purposes. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31, 1-11. doi: 10.1177/0165025406073530 [
link to pdf]


Sabbagh, M.A., Xu, F., Carlson, S.M., Moses, L.J., & Lee, K. (2006). The development of executive functioning and theory-of-mind: A comparison of Chinese and U.S. preschoolers. Psychological Science, 17, 74-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2005.01667.x [link to pdf]

Bala, N., Ramakrishnan, K., Lindsay, R., & Lee, K. (2005). Judicial assessment of the credibility of child witnesses. Alberta Law Review, 42(4), 1-23.
[link to pdf]


Freire, A., Eskritt, M., & Lee, K. (2004). Are eyes windows to a deceiver's soul: Children's use of another's eye gaze cues in a deceptive situation. Developmental Psychology, 40, 1093-1104. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.40.6.1093 [link to pdf]


Freire, A., Lee., K., Williamson, K.S., Stuart, S.J.E., & Lindsay, R.C.L. (2004). Lineup identification by children: Effects of clothing bias. Law and Human Behavior, 28, 339-354. doi: 10.1023/B:LAHU.0000029142.00834.e3 [link to pdf]

Leach, A-M., Talwar, V., Lee, K., Bala, N., & Lindsay, R.C.L. (2004). "Intuitive lie detection" of childrens deception by law enforcement officials and university students. Law and Human Behavior, 28, 661-685. doi: 10.1007/s10979-004-0793-0 [
link to pdf]

Symons, L.A., Lee. K., Cedrone, C.C., & Nishimura, M. (2004). What are you looking at? Acuity for triadic eye gaze. Journal of General Psychology, 131(4), 451-469. [
link to pdf]

Talwar, V., Lee, K., Bala, N., & Lindsay, R.C.L. (2004). Children's lie-telling to conceal a parent's transgression: Legal implications. Law and Human Behavior, 28, 411-435. doi: 10.1023/B:LAHU.0000039333.51399.f6 
[link to pdf]

Fritzley, V.H., & Lee, K. (2003). Do young children always say yes to yes/no questions? A metadevelopmental study of the affirmation bias. Child Development, 74(5), 1297-1313. doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.00608 
[link to pdf]

Eskritt, M., & Lee, K. (2003). Do actions speak louder than words? Preschool children's use of the verbal-nonverbal consistency principle during inconsistent communications. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 27, 25-41. doi: 10.1023/A:1023614123081 
[link to pdf]

Kisilevsky, B.S., Hains, S.M.J., Lee, K., Xie, X., Huang, H., Ye, H.H., Zhang K., & Wang, Z. (2003). Effects of experience on fetal voice recognition. Psychological Science, 14, 220-224. doi: 10.1111/1467-9280.02435 [
link to pdf]

Eskritt, M., & Lee, K. (2002). “Remember where you last saw that card”: Children’s production of external symbols as a memory aid. Developmental Psychology, 38, 254-266. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.38.2.254 
[link to pdf]


Lee, K.​, Cameron, C.A., Doucette, J., & Talwar, V. (2002). Phantoms and fabrications: Young children’s detection of implausible lies. Child Development, 73, 1688-1702. doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.t01-1-00499 [link to pdf]


Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2002). Development of lying to conceal a transgression: Children's control of expressive behavior during verbal deception. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 26, 436-444. doi: 10.1080/01650250143000373 [link to pdf]

Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2002). Emergence of white lie telling in children between 3 and 7 years of age. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 48, 160-181.
[link to pdf]

Talwar, V., Lee, K., Bala, N., & Lindsay, R.C.L. (2002). Children's conceptual knowledge of lying and its relation to their actual behaviors: Implications for court competence examinations. Law and Human Behavior, 26, 395-415. doi: 10.1023/A:1016379104959 [
link to pdf]

Xu, F., Homer, B., & Lee, K. (2002). The effects of literacy on Chinese children's early word awareness. Psychological Science (China), 25, 672-675. doi: CNKI:SUN:XLKX.0.2002-06-008
[link to pdf]

Bala, N., Lee, K., & Lindsay, R. (2001). R. v. M: Failing to appreciate the testimonial capacity of children. Criminal Reports, 40, 93-106.


Eskritt, M., Lee, K., & Donald, M. (2001). The influence of symbolic literacy on memory: Testing Plato’s hypothesis. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 55, 39-50. doi: 10.1037/h0087351 [link to pdf


Fu, G., Lee, K., Cameron, C.A., & Xu, F. (2001). Chinese and Canadian adults’ categorization and evaluation of lie- and truth-telling about pro- and anti-social behaviors. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 32, 740-747. [link to pdf]

Bala, N., Lee, K., Lindsay, R., & Talwar, V. (2000). A legal & psychological critique of the present approach to the assessment of the competence of child witnesses. Osgood Hall Law Journal, 38, 409 - 643. [link to pdf]


Lee, K., & Cameron, C.A. (2000). Extracting truthful information from lies: Emergence of the expression-representation distinction. Merrill Palmer Quarterly-Journal of Developmental Psychology, 46, 1-20. [
link to pdf]

Sapp, F., Lee, K., & Muir, D. (2000). Three-year-olds’ difficulty with the appearance-reality distinction: Is it real or apparent? Developmental Psychology, 36, 547-560. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.36.5.547 [
link to pdf]


Cameron, C.A., & Lee, K. (1999). Emergent use of English grammatical morphemes by Chinese-speaking children. International Review of Applied Linguistics, 37, 43-58. [link to pdf]


Lee, K., & Eskritt, M. (1999). Beyond the Gricean Maxims: Conversational awareness as a multifaceted domain of knowledge (Commentary). Developmental Science, 2, 27-28. doi: 10.1111/1467-7687.00049 [link to pdf]

Lee, K., Olson, D., & Torrance, N. (1999). Chinese children’s understanding of false beliefs: The role of language. Journal of Child Language, 26, 1-21. doi: 10.1017/S0305000998003626 
[link to pdf]


Schuman, J., Bala, N., & Lee, K. (1999). Developmentally appropriate questions for child witnesses. Queen’s Law Journal, 25, 251 - 304. [link to pdf]


Lee, K., Eskritt, M., Symons, L.A., & Muir, D. (1998). Children’s use of triadic eye gaze information for "mind reading". Developmental Psychology, 34, 525-539. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.34.3.525 [link to pdf]

Lee, K., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Cameron, C.A., & Dodsworth, P. (1998). Notational adaptation in children. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des Sciences du comportement, 30, 159-171. doi: 10.1037/h0087059
[link to pdf]

Cameron, C.A., & Lee, K. (1997). The development of children's telephone communication. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 18, 55-70. doi: 10.1016/S0193-3973(97)90014-9 
[link to pdf]


Lee, K., Cameron, C.A., Xu, F., Fu, G., & Board, J. (1997). Chinese and Canadian children’s evaluations of lying and truth-telling: Similarities and differences in the context of pro- and anti-social behaviours. Child Development, 68, 924-934. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.1997.tb01971.x [link to pdf]

Lee, K., & Ross, H.J. (1997). The concept of lying in adolescents and young adults: Testing Sweetser’s folkioristic model. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly - Jounral of Developmental Psychology, 43, 255-270. 
[link to pdf]

Lindsay, R.C.L., Craig, W., Lee, K., Pozzulo, J., & Corber, S. (1997). Simultaneous lineups, sequential lineups, and showups: Eyewitness identification decisions of adults and children. Law and Human Behavior, 21, 391-404. doi: 10.1023/A:1024807202926 
[link to pdf]

Lee, K., & Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1996). The development of cognitive constraints on notations. Archieves de Psychologie, 64, 3-26. Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.displayRecord&uid=1996-03503-001
[link to pdf]

Books and Book Chapters

​Lee, K., & Evans, A. (in press). Development of social pragmatics of deceptive communication. In T. Matsui (Eds.), Pragmatics and theory of mind. New York: John Benjamins.​


Evans, A.D., & Lee, K. (2013). Morality, deception, and lying. In M. Killen, & J. Smetana (Eds.), Handbook of Moral Development, 2nd Edition (pp. 361-384). New York: Psychology Press. 


Lee, K. & Evans, A.D. (2013). Becoming a moral relativist: Children’s moral conceptions of honesty and dishonesty in different social contexts. In M. R. Banaji & S. A. Gelman (Eds.), Navigating the social world: What infants, children, and other species can teach us (pp.361-366). New York: Oxford University Press.​


Lee, K. & Talwar, V. (2013). Child and lying: A century of scientific research. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.


Talwar, V., Lee, K., & Lindsay, R. (2011). In S. Anand (Ed.), Paradoxes of children's rights. Irwin Law.

Talwar, V., Lindsay, R., & Lee, K. (2011). The child witness project: Examining the assessment of competence of child witnesses. In S. Anand (Eds.), Children and the law: Essays in honour of Professor Nicholas Bala (pp.77-92). Toronto: Irwin Law Inc.

Bartlett, M., Littlewort, G., Vural, E., Lee, K., Cetin, M., Ercil, A., & Movellan, J. (2008). Data mining spontaneous facial behavior with automatic expression coding. In A. Esposito, N.G. Burbakis, N. Avouris, & I. Hatzilygenroudis (Eds.), Verbal and nonverbal features of human-human and human-machine interaction. Berlin: Springer.


Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2008). Little liars: How children learn to do deceptive things with words? In S. Itakura & K. Fujita (Eds.), Origins of the social mind: Evolutionary and developmental views. Japan: Springer.

Lee, K., & Freire, A. (2003). Cognition in adolescence. In A. Slater & J. G. Bremner (Eds.), Developmental Psychology (pp.359-387). Oxford: Blackwell.


​Lee, K., & Karmiloff-Smith, A. (2001). Micro- and macro-development: Assumptions, promises, & constraints. In N. Granott & J. Parziale (Eds.), Microdevelopmental clues: Transition processes in development and learning (pp.243-265). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Lee, K. (2000). Childhood cognitive development: The essential readings. Malden, MA, US.: Blackwell Publisher.

Lee, K. (2000). The development of lying: How children do deceptive things with words. In J. W. Astington (Eds.), Minds in the making (pp.177-196). Oxford: Blackwell.

Lee, K. (1999, Ed.). Blackwell's reader in cognitive development. Oxford, UK.: Blackwell Publisher

Lee, K., & Homer, B. (1998). Children as folk psychologists: The developing understanding of the mind. In A. Slater and D. Muir (Eds.), Blackwell’s reader in developmental psychology (228-252). Oxford, UK.: Blackwell.


Cameron, C.A., & Lee, K. (1997). Bridging the gap between home and school with voice-mail technology. Journal of Educational Research, 90, 182-190. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/27542089

Lee, K., Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1996). The development of external symbol systems: The child as a notator. In R. Gelman, & T. Kit-Fong (Eds.), Perceptual and cognitive development. Handbook of perception and cognition (2nd ed.) (pp. 185-211). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.​